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Old Testament

OTS5121 Deuteronomy and Biblical Ethics

This course introduces you to the book of Deuteronomy by exploring models for the interpretation and reading the book as narrative. The history and present applications of Deuteronomy will offer a firm grounding in Biblical ethics as well. You will also acquire exegetical skills to exegete and study selected passages of the book. By the end of this course, you will be able to:
  • Demonstrate familiarity and competence with the appropriate academic disciplines, including exegesis and academic debate.
  • Demonstrate familiarity with the contents of the book of Deuteronomy, using the English text and literary models like Narrative Theology.
  • Demonstrate familiarity with the social, historical, legal and theological context of the book of Deuteronomy.
  • Demonstrate competence in the field of Biblical ethics, its history, and present applications, with application to the book of Deuteronomy.
  • Demonstrate competence in the exegesis of selected chapters of the book of Deuteronomy in line with key academic commentaries on the book.
Course Outline
  • Unit 1: Introduction to the Study of Deuteronomy.
  • Unit 2: Models for the Interpretation of Deuteronomy
  • Unit 3: Reading Deuteronomy as Narrative: Characters, Plot, and Narrator.
  • Unit 4: Biblical Ethics in Deuteronomy, Including Care for the Marginalised
  • Unit 5: The Theology and Exegesis of Deuteronomy
  • Required Reading
Adeyemo T (Gen. ed.) 2006. Africa Bible Commentary: A One-Volume Commentary Written by 70 African Scholars. Nairobi: WordAlive Publishers. Baker DL 2009. Tight Fists or Open Hands? Wealth and Poverty in Old Testament Law. Grand Rapids: Wm B Eerdmans. Block DI 2012. Deuteronomy (NIV Application Commentary). Grand Rapids: Zondervan. Hawk LD 2003. Literary/Narrative Criticism. In Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch, by T D Alexander and D W Baker, 536-544. Leicester: InterVarsity Press. Hoppe LJ 2004. There Shall Be No Poor Among You: Poverty in the Hebrew Bible. Nashville: Abingdon. Kitchen KA 2003. On the Reliability of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. Kunhiyop SW 2008. African Christian Ethics. Grand Rapids: Hippo Books (Zondervan). McConville JG 1993. Grace in the End (Studies in Old Testament Biblical Theology). Grand Rapids: Zondervan. ________ 2003. Book of Deuteronomy. In Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch, edited by T D Alexander and D W Baker, 182-193. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press. Merrill EH 1994. Deuteronomy (NIV New American Commentary Vol 4). Grand Rapids: Zondervan. Nkansah-Obrempong J 2013. Foundations for African Theological Ethics: A Contemporary Rural African Perspective. Cumbria: Langham Monographs. Okeja UB.2012. Normative Justification of a Global Ethic: A Perspective from African Philosophy. Minneapolis: Lexington Books Owens JE 2011. Deuteronomy (New Collegeville Bible Commentary Vol 4). Collegeville: Liturgical Press. Wright CJH 1990. God’s People in God’s Land. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. ________ 2013. Old Testament Ethics for the People of God. Leicester: InterVarsity Press.

OTS5122 Nehemiah and Christian Leadership

Nehemiah lived during the Jewish Exile (587-538BC). The Babylonians carried them away in captivity and plundered their city. This was a direct result of their disobedience to God. Nehemiah found favour with king Artaxerxes. In his capacity as cupbearer for king Artaxerxes of Persia, he was assigned a lot of authority and managed the king’s place. The Nehemiah that we encounter in the biblical account was a godly man who feared God. He was humble, had a burden for the well-being of his people, was diligent in serving the king, was wise, diplomatic, encouraging, goal-driven, unmoved in his convictions, firm in his stance against their opponents and he had absolute faith in God. He was a visionary, who knew the Torah and who was able to win the favour of both his own people and king Artaxerxes. He was willing to follow through on his convictions and took action to restore the fallen city of Jerusalem. He was ready to act when the right opportunity presented itself. He managed to gather the support of his fellow-Jews and motivated them for the work. He associated with their corporate guilt and interceded for them. It is rare to find a figure with such a good balance between pragmatism, unclouded vision, interpersonal and negotiation skills, prayer and dependence on God’s guidance. Many books have been written on Christian leadership, and many of them should be commended for their insight and wisdom. Our desire is not to repeat all those useful leadership principles in this course. We would rather look at the book of Nehemiah and focus on some of the prominent leadership qualities he displayed. By the end of this course, you will be able to:
  • Explain the structure of the book of Nehemiah and its historical context.
  • Critically compare different author’s views on biblical leadership and how it relates to Nehemiah.
  • Design a ‘Nehemiah leadership model’ for your context.
  • Prioritize the different spiritual aspects of Nehemiah’s leadership.
  • Examine valuable inter-personal communication skills in Nehemiah.
  • Describe principles from Nehemiah for communicating with secular, religious and hostile people.
  • Demonstrate why it is important for leaders to depend on God.
Course Outline
  • Unit 1: Introduction to the Book of Nehemiah and its Historical Context
  • Unit 2: Different Views on Nehemiah and Biblical Leadership
  • Unit 3: Contextualising a ‘Nehemiah Leadership Model’
  • Unit 4: Different Spiritual Aspects of Nehemiah’s Leadership
  • Unit 5: Inter-Personal Communication Skills in Nehemiah
  • Unit 6: Communicating with Secular, Religious and Hostile People
  • Unit 7: Leaders Who Depend on God
Required Reading Ackroyd PR, Knoppers GN, Grabbe LL and Fulton DN 2009. Exile and Restoration Revisited: Essays on the Babylonian and Persian Periods in Memory of Peter R. Ackroyd. T & T Clark Library of Biblical Studies. London: T & T Clark International. 4349&site=ehost-live. Adeyemo T (Gen. ed.) 2006. Africa Bible Commentary: A One-Volume Commentary Written by 70 African Scholars. Nairobi: WordAlive Publishers. Boers AP 2015. Servants and Fools: A Biblical Theology of Leadership. Nashville: Abingdon Press. 933&site=ehost-live. Bolin TM 2012. Ezra, Nehemiah (Vol 11). The New Collegeville Bible Commentary. Old Testament. Collegeville: Liturgical Press. Branson ML and Martínez JF 2011. Churches, Cultures and Leadership: A Practical Theology of Congregations and Ethnicities. Downers Grove: IVP Academic. e=ehost-live. Dray S 2006. Nehemiah: An Applied Overview. Evangel 24 (3): 66–70. Efrain A 2005. Servant Leadership: Jesus & Paul. St. Louis: Chalice Press-Christian Board. e=ehost-live. Foday-Khabenje A 2016. Competencies for Leading in Diversity: A Case Study of National Evangelical Associations in Africa. Cumbria: Langham Monographs. Grabbe LL 1998. Ezra-Nehemiah. In Old Testament Readings. London: Routledge. Hyun KJ, Chemorion DC (eds.) 2016. The Quest for Gender Equity in Leadership: Biblical Teachings on Gender Equity and Illustrations of Transformation in Africa. Eugene: Wipf & Stock Publishers. Ikenye NJB 2010. Modelling Servant-Leaders for Africa: Lessons from St. Paul. Eldoret: Zapf Chancery Publishers Africa. Ltd. 4&site=ehost-live. Kalimi I 2012. New Perspectives on Ezra-Nehemiah: History and Historiography, Text, Literature, and Interpretation. Winina Lake: Eisenbrauns. Maciariello j 2003. Lessons in Leadership and Management from Nehemiah. Theology Today 60 (3): 397. Moss MA and Young A 2013. Next: Surviving a Leadership Transition. Nashville: Abingdon Press. Ooi VKH 2015. Scripture and Its Readers: Readings of Israel’s Story in Nehemiah 9, Ezekiel 20, and Acts 7. Journal of Theological Interpretation Supplements. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns. Packer JI 1995. A Passion for Faithfulness: Wisdom from the Book of Nehemiah. Wheaton: Crossway. Redditt PL 2014. Ezra-Nehemiah. Smyth & Helwys Bible Commentary. Macon: Smyth & Helwys Publishing. Scorer T 2003. Biblical Leadership: From the Inside Out. Clergy Journal 79 (9): 8–10. Walker JW 2014. Leader Shifts: Mastering Transitions in Leadership & Life. Nashville: Abingdon Press. e=ehost-live. Woolfe L 2002. The Bible on Leadership: From Moses to Matthew-Management Lessons for Contemporary Leaders. New York: AMACOM. Wright JL 2004. Rebuilding Identity: The Nehemiah-Memoir and Its Earliest Readers. Beihefte Zur Zeitschrift Für Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft. Berlin: De Gruyter. e=ehost-live .

OTS5123 Judges and Narrative Preaching

This course will explore the history, theoretical underpinning, and primary models of narrative preaching as a foundation for equipping preachers to learn narrative methods of preaching. The heart of the course involves students applying selected approaches, being required to prepare and deliver sermons from the book of Judges using narrative models. The course ends with the preacher (student) undertaking an evaluation of their narrative sermons from the book of Judges, both a self- assessment and a congregational assessment. By the end of this course, you will be able to:
  • Discuss the influences (forces at work) and influencers (people) driving the recent rise of narrative preaching.
  • Articulate and defend the theoretical underpinnings, both theological and practical, that justify narrative preaching.
  • Describe the major models of narrative preaching, giving attention to the strengths and limitations of each model.
  • Interpret narrative texts in the book of Judges for preaching purposes.
  • Prepare and preach first-person narrative sermons from the book of Judges.
  • Prepare and preach third-person narrative sermons from the book of Judges.
  • Evaluate the experience of preaching narrative sermons from the book of Judges.
Course Outline
  • Unit 1: Introduction to Narrative Preaching
  • Unit 2: Interpreting Narrative Texts from Judges
  • Unit 3: First-Person Narrative Sermons in Judges
  • Unit 4: Third-Person Narrative Sermons in Judges
  • Unit 5: Evaluation of Narrative Preaching from the book of Judges
Required Reading Allen RJ 2008. Theology Underlying Narrative Preaching. In What’s the Shape of Narrative Preaching?, edited by Mike Graves and David J. Schlafer, 27–40. St Louis: Chalice Press. Broyles CC 2001. Interpreting the Old Testament: A Guide for Exegesis, edited by Craig C. Broyles, 13–52. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic. Cothen J 2003. The Old, Old Story: A Guide for Narrative Preaching. Gretna: Pelican Publishing. Craddock FB 2001. As One Without Authority (4th ed.). St. Louis: Chalice Press. ________ 2002. Overhearing the Gospel (Revised and expanded) St. Louis: Chalice Press. Craddock FB, Sparks KH and Sparks L 2011. Craddock on the Craft of Preaching. St. Louis: Chalice Press. Edwards JK 2009. Effective First-Person Biblical Preaching: The Steps from Text to Narrative Sermon. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. Eslinger RL 1995. Narrative Imagination: Preaching the Worlds That Shape Us. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress. Fee GD and Stuart D 1993. How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth (3 rd ed.). Grand Rapids: Zondervan. Garner SC 2008. Getting into Character: The Art of First-Person Narrative Preaching. Grand Rapids: Brazos Press. Graves M 2015. The Story of Narrative Preaching: Experience and Exposition: A Narrative. Eugene: Wipf and Stock Publishers. Hamilton DL 1992. Narrative Approach. In Homiletical Handbook, 104–15. Nashville: Broadman. Holbert JC 2013. Telling the Whole Story: Reading and Preaching Old Testament Stories. Eugene: Wipf and Stock Publishers. e=ehost-live. Jensen RA 1993. Thinking in Story: Preaching in a Post-Literate Age. Lima: CSS Publishing. Larsen DL 1995. Telling the Old, Old Story: The Art of Narrative Preaching. Wheaton: Crossway Books. Linares J 2009. Proclaiming God’s Stories: How to Preach Old Testament Historical Narrative. Greenville: Bob Jones University Press. Long VP 2001. Reading the Old Testament as Literature. In Interpreting the Old Testament: A Guide for Exegesis, edited by Craig C. Broyles, 85–124. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic. Lowry EL 1985. Doing Time in the Pulpit: The Relationship Between Narrative and Preaching. Nashville: Abingdon. ________ 1989. How to Preach a Parable: Designs for Narrative Sermons. Nashville: Abingdon. ________ 2000. The Homiletical Plot, Expanded Edition: The Sermon as Narrative Art Form. Louisville: Westminster John Knox. Mathewson SD 2002. The Art of Preaching Old Testament Narrative. Grand Rapids: Baker. Calvin M 1992. Narrative Preaching. In Handbook of Contemporary Preaching, edited by Michael Duduit, 103–15. Nashville: Broadman & Holman. Mulder DP 1996. Narrative Preaching: Stories from the Pulpit. Concordia. Rice CL 2015. A More-or-Less Historical Account of the Fairly Recent History of Narrative Preaching. In What’s the Shape of Narrative Preaching?, edited by Mike Graves and David J. Schlafer, 7–25. St Louis: Chalice Press. Standing R 2004. Finding the Plot: Preaching in Narrative Style. Milton Keynes: Paternoster. Tucker AB 2008. The Preacher as Storyteller: The Power of Narrative in the Pulpit. Nashville: Broadman & Holman. Walton BH 2016. Preaching Old Testament Narratives. Grand Rapids: Kregel Ministry. Wilson JL 2002. How to Write Narrative Sermons. Fresno: Willow City Press. Wright JW 2007. Telling God’s Story: Narrative Preaching for Christian Formation. Downers Grove: InterVasity Press.

OTS5124 Preaching and Teaching the Psalms

Throughout the centuries the book of Psalms has been at the heart of Israelite and Christian spirituality. This can already be seen in the New Testament, which quotes the Psalms more than any other book of the Old Testament. The Psalms featured prominently in the theology and spirituality of the church fathers and the Protestant reformers ensured a privileged position for the Psalms in their own time, as well as in the centuries that followed. Since the end of the nineteenth century, there has been a marked decline in the liturgical singing and praying of the Psalms. However, they continue to inspire the prayer and worship of God’s people, both personally and corporately. The purpose of this course is to introduce you to the Psalms, resources for and trends in the study of the Psalms, as ways to enhance its application in Christian living today. By the end of this course, you will be able to:
  • Effectively engage with scholarly resources relevant for studying The Psalms
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the literary characteristics of The Psalms
  • Identify different Psalm types and their associated social contexts
  • Identify and explain key theological emphases in The Psalms
  • Assess and appreciate different contemporary applications of The Psalms, both individually and corporately
Course Outline
  • Unit 1: Introduction to the study of The Psalms
  • Unit 2: The Psalms as prayer and liturgy
  • Unit 3: The Psalms as theology
  • Unit 4: The Psalms as literature
  • Unit 5: Special themes in Psalm studies
Required Reading Adeyemo T (Gen. ed.) 2006. Africa Bible Commentary: A One-Volume Commentary Written by 70 African Scholars. Nairobi: WordAlive Publishers. Achtemeier E 1989. Preaching from the Old Testament. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press. Aidoo MS 2017. Shame in the Individual Lament Psalms and African Spirituality. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. Brown WP (ed.) 2014. The Oxford Handbook of the Psalms. Oxford: OUP. Broyles CC 1999. Psalms. In New International Biblical Commentary. Peabody: Hendrickson. Brueggemann W 2002. The Spirituality of the Psalms. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. ________ 2014. From Whom No Secrets Are Hid: Introducing the Psalms. Louisville: WJK. Davidson R 1998. The Vitality of Worship: A Commentary on the Book of Psalms. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. deClaisse-Walford NL (ed.) 2014. The Shape and Shaping of the Book of Psalms: The Current State of Scholarship. Atlanta: SBL Press. Firth DG and Johnston PS (eds.) 2005. Interpreting the Psalms: Issues and Approaches. Downers Grove: IVP Academic. Flint PW, Miller PD jr., Brunell A, and Roberts R (eds.) 2005. The Book of Psalms: Composition and Reception. Leiden: BRILL. Gillingham S 2008. Psalms Through the Centuries (Vol. 1). Malden: Blackwell. Goulder MD 1990. The Prayers of David (Psalms 51-72): Studies in the Psalter II. Sheffield: JSOT Press. Hunter A 2011. An Introduction to the Psalms. In T&T Clark Approaches to Biblical Studies. New York: T&T Clark. Magonet J 2004. A Rabbi Reads the Psalms (2 nd ed.). London: SCM Press. Mays JL 1994. The Lord Reigns: A Theological Handbook to the Psalms. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press. McCann JC (ed.) 1993. The Shape and Shaping of the Psalter. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament. Sheffield: JSOT. ________ 1996. The Book of Psalms. The New Interpreter's Bible (12 vols.) Nashville: Abingdon. Mitchell DC 1997. The Message of the Psalter: An Eschatological Programme in the Book of Psalms. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press. ________ 2006. Lord, Remember David: G H Wilson and the Message of the Psalter. Vetus Testamentum 56, no. 4: 526–548. Segal BJ 2013. A New Psalm: The Psalms as Literature. Jerusalem: Gefen Publishing House. Terrien SL 2003. The Psalms, Strophic Structure and Theological Commentary. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans. Wenham GJ 2012. Psalms as Torah: Reading Biblical Song Ethically. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic. Zenger E (ed.) 2010. The Composition of the Book of Psalms. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium. Leuven: Uitgeverij Peeters.