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CHS5121 Islamic Worldview and Religion

Although Islam is a growing religion through much of the world, it is not usually very well understood by the church. In this course, you will gain foundational knowledge of the origin, history, writings, doctrine, and structure of Islam, and learn who Muhammad, the founder of Islam, was in comparison to Jesus Christ. All too often there is confusion about Allah being the same God as Yahweh. You will discover in this course that the nature and character of Yahweh and Allah are really very different. You will also learn about the missional objectives and strategies of Islam compared with those of Christianity, as well as exploring missional methods of presenting the gospel of Jesus Christ to Muslims. By the end of this course, you will be able to:
  • Demonstrate foundational knowledge of the origin, history, writings, doctrine, and structure of Islam.
  • Compare the character and role of Muhammad (the founder of Islam) with that of Jesus Christ (the founder of Christianity).
  • Compare the nature and character of Yahweh with that of Allah.
  • Compare the missional objectives and strategies of Islam with those of Christianity.
  • Critique methods and models for presenting the gospel of Jesus Christ to Muslims.
Course Outline
  • Unit 1: Introduction to Islam
  • Unit 2: Muhammad
  • Unit 3: Allah
  • Unit 4: Islamisation
  • Unit 5: Witness
Required Reading Akinade AE 2014. Christian Responses to Islam in Nigeria: A Contextual Study of Ambivalent Encounters (Christianities of the World). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Azumah J, Sanneh, L 2013. The African Christian and Islam. Cumbria: Langham Monographs. Brother Marko 2016. Identity Theft: Unmasking Allah's Fraudulent Claim to Yahweh's Throne. EGEIRO Ministry Garrison D 2014. A Wind in the House of Islam. Monument: WIGTake Resources. Parshall P 2011. Contextualization. Chapter 12 in Toward Respectful Understanding and Witness among Muslims: Essays in Honor of J. Dudley Woodberry. Edited by J. D Woodberry and EA. Reisacher. Pasadena: William Carey Library. Qureshi N 2015. What is God Really Like: Tawhid or Trinity? Dr. Shabir Ally and Dr. Nabeel Qureshi Debate. Online video. Accessed from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FWpqqqZn7Kg,2018-07-03 Reisacher EA 2016. Joyful Witness in the Muslim World: Sharing the Gospel in Everyday Encounters. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic. Schirrmacher C 2008. Islam: An Introduction. The WEA Global Issues Series (Vol 6). Bonn: Culture and Science Publishing. Schirrmacher T 2018. The Koran and the Bible (World of Theology, Series 7). Eugene: Wipf and Stock. Smith KG 2017. Models of Witness to Muslims. Johannesburg: SATS. Sookhdeo P 2008. The Challenge of Islam to the Church and its Mission. McLean: Isaac Publishing. Turaki Y 2010. Tainted Legacy: Islam, colonialism and slavery in Northern Nigeria. McLean: Isaac Publishing. Warner B 2014. A Simple Koran: A Reconstructed Historical Koran (The Islamic Trilogy Book 3). USA: CSPI Publishing, Inc. Warner B 2014. The Life of Mohammed: The Sira (A Taste of Islam Book 2). USA: CSPI Publishing, Inc. Warner B 2014. The Political Traditions of Muhammad: The Hadith for Unbelievers (The Islamic Trilogy Book 2). USA: CSPI Publishing, Inc. Woodberry JD, Reisacher EA 2011. Toward Respectful Understanding and Witness among Muslims: Essays in Honor of J. Dudley Woodberry. Edited by J. Dudley Woodberry and Evelyne A. Reisacher. Pasadena: William Carey Library.

CHS5122 African Worldview and Religion

In this course, you will discover the exciting field of African Theology, a field of Theology that is relatively new, but is very significant, especially as Christianity grows rapidly throughout the continent of Africa. You will learn about various aspects of African Traditional Religion (ATR), namely, (1) Cosmology in ATR, (2) the philosophical, ethical and psychological principles in ATR, (3) the Supreme Being, divinities and spirits in ATR, (4) religious experience: rites, power and communication with spirits in ATR, and how Christianity ought to interact with such features of ATR. By the end of this course, you will be able to:
  • Describe African Theology
  • Demonstrate the development of African Theology
  • Highlight features of ATR and their relevance to African Theology
  • Evaluate African Traditional Religion in the light of Christianity
Course Outline
  • Unit 1: What is African Theology
  • Unit 2: Methodology
  • Unit 3: Cosmology in African Traditional Religion (ATR)
  • Unit 4: Philosophical, Ethical and Psychological Principles in ATR
  • Unit 5: Supreme Being, Divinities and Spirits in ATR
  • Unit 6: Religious Experience: Rites, Power and Communication with Spirits in ATR
  • Unit 7: Christian Response to ATR
Required Reading Adeyemo T (Gen. ed.) 2006. Africa Bible Commentary: A One-Volume Commentary Written by 70 African Scholars. Nairobi: WordAlive Publishers. Bediako K 1995. Christianity in Africa: the renewal of a non-western religion. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press Ltd. Bujo B 1992. African Theology in its Social Context. Trans. by J O’Donohue. Oregon: Wipf & Stock Publishers. Falconer R 2015. Spectacular Atonement: Envisioning the Cross of Christ in an African Perspective. Johannesburg: SATS Press. Gehman RJ 1987. Doing African Theology: An Evangelical Perspective. Nairobi: African Inland Mission International. ________ 2005. African traditional religion in biblical perspective (rev. ed.). Kampala: East African Educational Publishers Ltd. Healey J and Sybertz D 2004. Towards an African Narrative Theology. New York: Orbis Books. Idowu EB 1973. African Traditional Religion: A Definition. New York: Orbis Books. Imbo SO 1998. An Introduction to African Philosophy. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, INC. Khathide AG 2007. Hidden Powers: Spirits in the First-Century Jewish World, Luke- Acts and in The African Context (2nd ed.). Johannesburg: AcadSA Publishing. Kunhiyop SW 2008. African Christian Ethics. Nairobi: Hippo Books. ________ 2012. African Christian Theology. Nairobi: Hippo Books. Light V 2012. Transforming the Church in Africa: A New Contextually-Relevant Discipleship Model. Britain: AuthorHouse. Mbiti JS 1970. Concepts of God in Africa. New York: Praeger Publishers. ________ 1989. African Religions and Philosophy (2nd ed.). Oxford: Heinemann Educational Publishers. ________ 1991. Introduction to African Religion (2nd rev. ed.). Oxford: Heinemann Educational Publishers. Michael M 2013. Christian Theology and African Traditions. Philadelphia: Casemate Publishers. Ngewa SM 1998. Issues in African Christian Theology. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers. Oden TC 2007. How Africa Shaped the Christian Mind: Rediscovering the African Seedbed of Western Christianity. Illinois: InterVarsity Press. O’Donovan W 1992. Biblical Christianity in African perspective. Milton Keynes: Authentic Media. ________ 2002. Biblical Christianity in Modern Africa. Milton Keynes: Authentic Media. Orobator AE 2008. Theology Brewed in an African Pot. New York: Orbis Books. Parrinder G 1976. African Traditional Religion. Connecticut: Greenwood Press.

CHS5123 Understanding the Times

This course examines the prominent worldviews and philosophies of our time, exploring ideas and their social implications. This is not primarily a course about a biblical worldview. The primary objective of the course is to empower Christian leaders to understand the world in which they live and minister by examining major ideological or philosophical trends, such as pluralism, postmodernism, secularism, globalization, feminism, and so on. By the end of this course, you will be able to:
  • Validate your awareness of major ideological or philosophical trends affects your immediate context.
  • Explore and interpret the most prominent or burning socio-political or religious topic from a Christian perspective.
  • Assess the level to which your church/organisation engages in various ideologies or philosophies.
  • Design a programme which fosters communication between groups with opposing ideologies.
Course Outline
  • Unit 1: A Descriptive Ideology Analysis of My Community
  • Unit 2: Biblical Evaluation of Those Who Believe Differently
  • Unit 3: The Church and How They Reach Out to Others
  • Unit 4: A Call to Action: Fostering Dialogue and Understanding
Required Reading Alvares C, Faruqi SS 2011. Decolonizing the University. Pulau Pinang: Penerbit USM. (EBSCOhost) Bird Y, Michael JC, Gray M 2013. Decolonizing Social Work. Burlington: Routledge. (EBSCOhost) Crawford N 2002. Argument and Change in World Politics: Ethics, Decolonization, and Humanitarian Intervention. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (EBSCOhost) Creary NM 2012. African Intellectuals and Decolonization. Athens: Ohio University Press. (EBSCOhost) Diederik A, D'Hooghe B, Note N 2005. Worldviews, Science and Us: Redemarcating Knowledge and its Social and Ethical Implications. Singapore: World Scientific. Drange LD 2015. What does decolonization mean in Bolivia in relation to the position of religion in the country's new legislation and the new curriculum?. Mission Studies 32, no. 1: 115-143. (EBSCOhost) Edmonds B, Diederik A, Gershenson C 2007. Worldviews, Science and Us: Philosophy and Complexity. New Jersey: World Scientific. Glanzer PL, Alleman NF, Ream TC 2017. Restoring the Soul of the University: Unifying Christian Higher Education in a Fragmented Age. Downers Grove: InterVasity Press. Glynn H 2017. A Better Story: God, Sex, and Human Flourishing. London: IVP. Haskin JM 2005. The Tragic State of the Congo: From Decolonization to Dictatorship. New York: Algora Publishing. (EBSCOhost) Hyun KJ, Chemorion DC (eds.) 2016. The Quest for Gender Equity in Leadership: Biblical Teachings on Gender Equity and Illustrations of Transformation in Africa. Eugene: Wipf & Stock Publishers. Johnson P 2018. Feminism as Critique in a Neoliberal Age: Debating Nancy Fraser. Critical Horizons 19, no. 1: 1-17. Academic Search Premier. Kebede M 2004. Africa's Quest for a Philosophy of Decolonization. Amsterdam: Brill Academic Publishers. (EBSCOhost) Komolafe SJ 2013.The Transformation of African Christianity: Development and Change in the Nigerian Church. Cumbria: Langham Monographs. Kunhiyop SW 2008. African Christian Ethics. Grand Rapids: Hippo Books (Zondervan). Lennox J 2015. Against the Flow: The Inspiration of Daniel in an Age of Relativism. Grand Rapids: Monarch Books. Lin AMY, Martin PW 2005. Decolonization, Globalization: Language-in-Education Policy and Practice. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. (EBSCOhost) Mamdani M 2016. Between the public intellectual and the scholar: decolonization and some post-independence initiatives in African higher education. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 17, no. 1: 68-83. (EBSCOhost) Moreland JP, Craig WL 2003. Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview. Downers Grove: IVP Academic. Nkansah-Obrempong J 2013. Foundations for African Theological Ethics: A Contemporary Rural African Perspective. Cumbria: Langham Monographs. Olkowski D 2012. Postmodern Philosophy and the Scientific Turn. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Ollapally DM, Nau HR. Worldviews of Aspiring Powers: Domestic Foreign Policy Debates in China, India, Iran, Japan, and Russia. New York: Oxford University Press. Omeje K 2015. The Crises of Postcoloniality in Africa. Codesria. (EBSCOhost) Ott C 2015. Globalization and contextualization: reframing the task of contextualization in the twenty-first century. Missiology 43, no. 1: 43-58. (EBSCOhost) Padilla CR 2014. Globalization and Christian mission. Journal of Latin American Theology 9, no. 2: 17-41. (EBSCOhost) Peters RT 2012. Feminist critical discourse on globalization, economy, ecology and empire. The Ecumenical Review 64, no. 3: 281-298. (EBSCOhost) Poplin MS 2014. Is Reality Secular?: Testing the Assumptions of Four Global Worldviews. Downers Grove: InterVasity Press. Pratt A 2015. 'Out of One, Many—Within One, Many': Religious Pluralism and Christian Ecumenism in the United States. Perspectives in Religious Studies 42, no. 2: 143-157. (EBSCOhost) Rambachan A 2006. The Advaita Worldview: God, World, and Humanity. Albany: State University of New York Press. Reem B, and Kassis M 2016. Decolonization, dignity and development aid: a judicial education experience in Palestine. Third World Quarterly 37, no. 11: 2010- 2027. (EBSCOhost) Rosner DJ 2012. Conservatism and Crisis: The Anti-Modernist Perspective in Twentieth-Century German Philosophy. Lanham: Lexington Books. Schmidt-Leukel P 2016. Religious Pluralism in Thirteen Theses. Modern Believing 57, no. 1: 5-18. (EBSCOhost) Swirsky JM, Angelone DJ 2016. Equality, empowerment, and choice: what does feminism mean to contemporary women?. Journal of Gender Studies 25, no. 4: 445-460. (EBSCOhost) Terretta M 2017. Anti-Colonial Lawyering, Postwar Human Rights, and Decolonization across Imperial Boundaries in Africa. Canadian Journal of History 52, no. 3: 448-478. (EBSCOhost) Viegi N 2016. The Economics of Decolonization. Theoria: A Journal of Social & Political Theory 63, no. 147: 61-79. (EBSCOhost) Ward K 2017. Pluralism and Religious Truth: A Response to Schmidt-Leukel. Modern Believing 58, no. 1: 55-62. (EBSCOhost) Weber M, Wang Z, Derfer GE 2009. The Roar of Awakening: A Whiteheadian Dialogue Between Western Psychotherapies and Eastern Worldviews. Berlin: De Gruyter. Weitz R 2016. Feminism, Post-feminism, and Young Women's Reactions to Lena Dunham's Girls. Gender Issues 33, no. 3: 218-234. (EBSCOhost) Wilkens S, Sanford ML 2009. Hidden Worldviews: Eight Cultural Stories That Shape Our Lives. Downers Grove: IVP Academic. Ydesena C, Myers K 2016. The imperial welfare state? Decolonization, education and professional interventions on immigrant children in Birmingham, 1948- 1971. Paedagogica Historica 52, no. 5: 453-466. (EBSCOhost) Zacharias R. Vitale V 2017. Jesus Among Secular Gods: The Countercultural Claims of Christ. New York: FaithWords.

CHS5124 Understand the Margins

The objective of this course is to help students to understand the marginalised members of society, addressing groups such as (a) women, (b) children, (c) the poor, and (d) foreigners, exploring social issues such as (a) racism, (b) sexism, (c) diaspora, and (d) poverty. In keeping with our general approach, we would attempt to understand both the contemporary and the biblical perspectives on these questions with a view towards helping Christian leaders to handle them in a way that promotes the glory of God and the good of society. By the end of this course, you will be able to:
  • Demonstrate awareness of the marginalized in your immediate community context.
  • Explore and appreciate the diversity of physical and spiritual needs represented in your own community.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the Biblical theological understanding towards those who are marginalized.
  • Assess and critique programs of engaging various marginalized communities by other churches or organizations.
  • Design an intervention strategy to bring the marginalized into your community as future contributing members to God’s work and ministry.
Course Outline
  • Unit 1: The Marginalised in My Community
  • Unit 2: The Stories of the Marginalised
  • Unit 3: God’s Heart for the Marginalised
  • Unit 4: Appreciation for the Ministry of Others
  • Unit 5: A Call to Action
Required Reading Baker DL 2009. Tight fists or open hands. Wealth and poverty in Old Testament Law. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. Bill Domeris 2007. Touching the Heart of God: The Social Construction of Poverty Among Biblical Peasants (The Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies). London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark. Breen M 2010. Contextual Bible Study among Poor and Marginalized Women, South Africa: An Investigation of the Study of the Bible and its Implications for Individual and Social Change. VDM Verlag Dr. Müller. Brueggemann W 2016. Social Criticism and Social Vision in Ancient Israel. Eugene: Cascade Books. David EJR 2014. Internalized Oppression: The Psychology of Marginalized Groups. New York: Springer Publishing Company. (EBSCOhost). Deboch Anshis B 2018. Jesus’s Identification with the Marginalized and the Liminal: The Messianic Identity in Mark. Cumbria: Langham Monographs. Gornik MR 2002. To Live in Peace: Biblical Faith and the Changing Inner City. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. Hanks T 2000. God So Loved the Third World: On Hebrew Words for Oppression. Eugene: Wipf & Stock Publishers. Hays D 2003. From Every People and Nation: A Biblical Theology of Race (New Studies in Biblical Theology). Grand Rapids: InterVasity Press. Hoppe LJ 2004. On the poor in both testaments (There shall be no poor among you). Kunhiyop SW 2008. African Christian Ethics. Grand Rapids: Hippo Books (Zondervan). Margaretten E 2015. Street Life Under a Roof: Youth Homelessness in South Africa. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. Massingue X 2014. Theology of Work and Poverty Alleviation in Mozambique. Cumbria: Langham Monographs. Myers BL 2011. Walking with the Poor: Principles and Practices of Transformational Development. New York: Orbis Books. Nixon D 2013. Stories from the Street: A Theology of Homelessness. Surrey: Ashgate. Nkansah-Obrempong J 2013. Foundations for African Theological Ethics: A Contemporary Rural African Perspective. Cumbria: Langham Monographs. Olaniyi RO, Adesina OC, Adebayo AG 2010. Marginality and Crisis: Globalization and Identity in Contemporary Africa. Lanham: Lexington Books. Shoham-Steiner E 2014. On the Margins of a Minority: Leprosy, Madness, and Disability Among the Jews of Medieval Europe. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. Soares DR, Lotter G, van der Merwe SJ 2017. The Missio Dei as Context for a Ministry to Refugees. In die Skriflig 51(1), a2101. https://doi.org/10.4102/ids.v51i1.2101 White K, Willmer H 2015. Entry Point: Towards Child Theology with Matthew 18 London: WTL Publications Ltd. Witherington B 1990. On women in the New Testament (Women and the Genesis of Christianity).