The objective of this course is to help students to understand the marginalised members of society, addressing groups such as (a) women, (b) children, (c) the poor, and (d) foreigners, exploring social issues such as (a) racism, (b) sexism, (c) diaspora, and (d) poverty. In keeping with our general approach, we would attempt to understand both the contemporary and the biblical perspectives on these questions with a view towards helping Christian leaders to handle them in a way that promotes the glory of God and the good of society.

By the end of this course, you will be able to:

  • Demonstrate awareness of the marginalized in your immediate community context.
  • Explore and appreciate the diversity of physical and spiritual needs represented in your own community.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the Biblical theological understanding towards those who are marginalized.
  • Assess and critique programs of engaging various marginalized communities by other churches or organizations.
  • Design an intervention strategy to bring the marginalized into your community as future contributing members to God’s work and ministry.

Course Outline

  • Unit 1: The Marginalised in My Community
  • Unit 2: The Stories of the Marginalised
  • Unit 3: God’s Heart for the Marginalised
  • Unit 4: Appreciation for the Ministry of Others
  • Unit 5: A Call to Action

Required Reading
Baker DL 2009. Tight fists or open hands. Wealth and poverty in Old Testament Law. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing.
Bill Domeris 2007. Touching the Heart of God: The Social Construction of Poverty Among Biblical Peasants (The Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies). London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark.
Breen M 2010. Contextual Bible Study among Poor and Marginalized Women, South Africa: An Investigation of the Study of the Bible and its Implications for Individual and Social Change. VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.
Brueggemann W 2016. Social Criticism and Social Vision in Ancient Israel. Eugene: Cascade Books.
David EJR 2014. Internalized Oppression: The Psychology of Marginalized Groups. New York: Springer Publishing Company. (EBSCOhost).
Deboch Anshis B 2018. Jesus’s Identification with the Marginalized and the Liminal: The Messianic Identity in Mark. Cumbria: Langham Monographs.
Gornik MR 2002. To Live in Peace: Biblical Faith and the Changing Inner City. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.
Hanks T 2000. God So Loved the Third World: On Hebrew Words for Oppression. Eugene: Wipf & Stock Publishers.
Hays D 2003. From Every People and Nation: A Biblical Theology of Race (New Studies in Biblical Theology). Grand Rapids: InterVasity Press.
Hoppe LJ 2004. On the poor in both testaments (There shall be no poor among you).
Kunhiyop SW 2008. African Christian Ethics. Grand Rapids: Hippo Books (Zondervan).
Margaretten E 2015. Street Life Under a Roof: Youth Homelessness in South Africa. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Massingue X 2014. Theology of Work and Poverty Alleviation in Mozambique. Cumbria: Langham Monographs.
Myers BL 2011. Walking with the Poor: Principles and Practices of Transformational Development. New York: Orbis Books.
Nixon D 2013. Stories from the Street: A Theology of Homelessness. Surrey: Ashgate.
Nkansah-Obrempong J 2013. Foundations for African Theological Ethics: A Contemporary Rural African Perspective. Cumbria: Langham Monographs.
Olaniyi RO, Adesina OC, Adebayo AG 2010. Marginality and Crisis: Globalization and Identity in Contemporary Africa. Lanham: Lexington Books.
Shoham-Steiner E 2014. On the Margins of a Minority: Leprosy, Madness, and Disability Among the Jews of Medieval Europe. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
Soares DR, Lotter G, van der Merwe SJ 2017. The Missio Dei as Context for a Ministry to Refugees. In die Skriflig 51(1), a2101. https://doi.org/10.4102/ids.v51i1.2101
White K, Willmer H 2015. Entry Point: Towards Child Theology with Matthew 18 London: WTL Publications Ltd.
Witherington B 1990. On women in the New Testament (Women and the Genesis of Christianity).