Articles and Papers

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A Possible Creationist Perspective on the Tyrolean (Oetztaler) Ice Man
Author: Greg Beasley
Much attention has been given to the Tyrolean Ice Man since his discovery in 1991. To the evolutionist he is somewhat of an enigma; a resourceful and cultured individual from an area previously thought to be a Neolithic backwater….

Archaeological Data and the Dating of the Patriarchs
Author: John J. Bimson
The aim of the present paper is twofold: to examine the appropriateness of various archaeological periods as backgrounds to the patriarchal narratives, and to assess the arguments put forward on archaeological grounds for rejecting the view that the narratives reflect real conditions in an early period…

Bible Chronology Articles
Author: Curt Sewell
Articles relating to the age of the earth according to the Bible…

Iraq and the Bible
Author: Bryant G. Wood
Iraq is called the “Cradle of Civilization,” as evidence has been found there for the earliest writing system, urban centers, literature, metallurgy, science, medicine and business, as reflected in the Bible . Our modern culture has its roots in ancient Iraq. Biblical names for the southern part of ancient Mesopotamia include Shinar (ancient Sumer), Chaldea, and Babylon…

Is Mount Sinai in Saudi Arabia?
Author: Gordon Franz
This article will examine four aspects of the question regarding whether or not Mt. Sinai is located in Saudi Arabia. First, the credibility of the claims will be questioned. Second, the false assumptions by the proponents of Jebel al-Lawz will be disputed. Third, the Biblical evidence will be discussed. Fourth, the archaeological evidence will be examined.

Is there archaeological evidence of the Tower of Babel?
Author: John H. Walton
A paper on Babel, ziggurats and the history of Babylon.

Mt. Sinai is Not at Jebel El-Lawz in Saudi Arabia
Author: Gordon Franz
This paper examines three aspects of the identification of Mt. Sinai in Saudi Arabia. First, the paper questions the credibility of the claims. Second, the paper disputes the false assumptions by the proponents of Jebel al-Lawz. Third, the paper examines the archaeological evidence.

The Relevance of Archaeology to the Study of Scripture
Author: Andrew S. Kulikovsky B.App.Sc(Hons)
The purpose of this paper is to show how the science of archaeology is relevant to the study of the Old and New Testaments.Thompson (1982) suggests two reasons why it is important to incorporate and accommodate the findings of archaeology when studying the Bible:
1. It can aid in the understanding and interpretation of the Biblical text. 2. It can provide evidence for the validation of events, civilisations and places described in the Bible.

The sixteen grandsons of Noah
Author: Harold Hunt
Secular history gives much evidence to show that the survivors of Noah’s Flood were real historical figures, whose names were indelibly carved on much of the ancient world…

Chinese writing proves Bible is God’s Word

Illustrations of the Chinese language\’s testimony to the events in the book of Genesis.
(See also for a simplified explanation of the pictographs.)


Apologetics And The Bible
Author: Gary Futral
A short article explaining the need and purpose of Apologetics.

Apprising Ministries
Author: Ken Silva
The goal of AM is to provide sound reasons to believe in Jesus, the Christ as well as to defend the faith once delivered unto the saints from enemy attacks within the Church and from without. Modern “movements” are examined.

Cosmological Argument
Author: Bruce Reichenbach
The cosmological argument is less a particular argument than an argument type. It uses a general pattern of argumentation (logos) that makes an inference from certain alleged facts about the world (cosmos) to the existence of a unique being, generally identified with or referred to as God. Among these initial facts are that the world came into being, that the world is contingent in that it could have been other than it is, or that certain beings or events in the world are causally dependent or contingent.

Historical Reliability of the Gospels
Author: Mark D Roberts
A 15 part series on the reliability of the Gospel.

Logic in Apologetics
Author: Matt Slick
Logic is typically very important in apologetics. To defend the faith, the Christian must use truth, facts, and reason appropriately and prayerfully. The Christian should listen to objections and make cogent and rational comments in direct response to the issues raised.

The Nature and Origin of the Bible
Author: Howard Taylor
Our understanding of the Bible can only come when we use it for its purpose namely to lead us to personal knowledge of God. If we resist such life changing knowledge we will never be able to assess the truth of the Bible. We cannot be detached observers or listeners…

The origins of life: One reason why I know there is a God active in our world
Author: Dr. Gerald Schroeder
A Christian Physicist’s view of creation.

The Uniqueness of Creation Week
Author: Lambert Dolphin
Intimidated perhaps by modern science, many Christians today have assumed that Genesis One is figurative or poetic in its language, when in fact the Hebrew is not poetry but precise prose, and it is indeed packed full of detail. The opening chapters of the Bible might be likened to a modern computer software program which comes to us on diskette in a compressed format…

Bible Studies

1 Peter: The Life That Lasts
Author: Greg Brown
Why have so many of us lost the joy of our salvation? Why have so many of us lost our praise and, instead, walk around sad, depressed, angry, and complaining about the events in our life? How can we again have our joy?

Crash Course in Jewish History
Author: Jewish
The Bible and history from a Jewish perspective… Of interest to any student of the Bible!

Angelology: The Doctrine of Angels
Author: J. Hampton Keathley III
The study of angels or the doctrine of angelology is one of the ten major categories of theology developed in many systematic theological works. The tendency, however, has been to neglect it. This, however, is a very comprehensive study of angels.

Angels, God’s Ministering Spirits
Author: J. Hampton Keathley III
A thorough study of the subject of angels – what are they what do they do. Theologians have often viewed angels as a very difficult subject. Why? Because, while there is abundant mention of angels in the Bible, the nature of this revelation is without the same kind of explicit description we often find with other subjects developed in Scripture: Every reference to angels is incidental to some other topic…

Baalism in Canaanite Religion and Its Relation to Selected Old Testament Texts
Author: Greg Herrick
The following paper attempts in a cursory way to present the Ugaritic pantheon and its relationship to a few passages from the Old Testament. The paper is divided up into three main sections: 1) the sources for understanding the Canaanite pantheon, 2) the gods of the Canaanite pantheon, with special emphasis on Baal; 3) the nature and works of Baal and the Baal cycle, and 4) the relationship of the Ras Shamra texts to four OT references as a brief way of demonstrating the use of Ugaritic material for OT study.

Does God Need A Temple?
Author: Lambert Dolphin
Primitive religions are replete with examples of buildings and shrines as a house or shrine to an idol or a god. But the God revealed in the Bible is fundamentally different than the gods of the nations. He does not need houses or temples to dwell in—the entire universe is God\’s house…

Demonism in Jewish/Hellenistic Literature and its Relation to Mark 5
Author: Greg Herrick
The purpose of this paper is simply to interact with some extra-biblical sources in order to demonstrate how they might interface with Scripture and aid us in our understanding of it. As such it stands as a test case to encourage all of us to better acquaint ourselves with this extra-biblical material. Several extra-biblical references will be cited and compared and contrasted with the Biblical record.

An Introduction to the Opening Chapters of Genesis
Author: Lambert Dolphin
All the great themes of the Bible have their origins in Genesis, “The Book of Beginnings.” The first appearance of a word, a subject, or a theme deserves special note throughout Genesis. Biblical themes come back together in the Book of the Revelation, like trains rushing into Grand Central Station from all points of the compass (J. Vernon McGee).

Evidences for the Resurrection
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
Why were these early Christians willing to face death for their belief in Jesus Christ? It was because they were convinced of the historical fact of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, and that this proved without a doubt that Jesus Christ was the Son of God and the one and only Savior of the world. And, so for them, death was not the end. The resurrection is a historical fact–not just some philosophical ideal or idea.

Examples of Modern Textual Criticism
Author: Dr Floyd Nolen Jones
Has the authority of Scripture been greatly undermined; does it no longer command immediate unquestioned obedience? We are not decrying true scholarship. We are challenging conservatives to make sure that their definition of scholarship comes from the Holy Spirit, not from the world.

Did Christ Descend Into Hell?
Author: Lambert Dolphin
It is because the sufferings of Christ extend out of time into eternity that some students of the Bible have come to believe that Christ actually physically descended into hell…

False Theories Against the Resurrection of Christ
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
Many theories have been advanced, attempting to show that the resurrection of Jesus Christ was a fraud. Historians have to become anti-historical to invent some of their ideas…

Friday or Wednesday?
Author: Chuck Missler
The observances of Good Friday and Easter Sunday have perpetuated the traditional chronology that the crucifixion took place on a Friday… There are some, however, that feel this tradition is at variance with the Scriptural record…

Genesis: Fact or Fiction?
Author: Joe Byczko
That the Genesis account of man\’s creation and fall contain in full the redemption of man through Jesus Christ. Further, that this plan is in systematic agreement with the entire bible. Marriage; Sexual relationships; Tree of the knowledge of good and evil, Tree of life; Can mankind be descended from animals?

Genesis: From Paradise to Patriarchs
Author: Bob Deffinbaugh
This 50-lesson series is an ideal Bible study on the book of Genesis from a trusted resource site.

Historical Backgrounds to the Gospels and Life of Jesus
Author: Darrell L. Bock
A Listing of Extra-Biblical Citations attesting to Jesus and the Gospels.

Junia Among the Apostles: The Double Identification Problem in Romans 16:7
Author: Daniel B. Wallace
There are two major interpretive problems in this verse, both of which involve the identification of Junia(s). (a) Is Junia(s) a man’s name or a woman’s name? (b) What is this individual’s relation to the apostles?

Is 2 Peter Peter’s?
Author: Wayne Stiles
It may be conclusively stated that there is no definitive evidence against the authenticity of 2 Peter in spite of the fact that the majority of scholarship today rejects apostolic authorship…

Jesus’ Death: Six Hours of Eternity on the Cross
Author: Various authors
A compilation of various aspects of Jesus’ death on the cross; His struggle, the time and date and the inscription…

Jesus, The Avenger of Blood
Author: Lambert Dolphin
Who is Jesus? Some of the contrasting glimpses of the Person of Jesus as they are to be found in the Bible…

Jesus, Son of God, Son of Man
Author: Lambert Dolphin
Just who was and is Jesus?

Jewish Wedding Traditions/The Relationship between Jesus Christ and his Bride the Church Author: Robert Probert The author compares the Jewish wedding service with the relationship between Christ and His bride…

Jesus, Religion, and True Spirituality: A Look at Four Beatitudes
Author: Greg Herrick
The New Age, with its blend of American marketing, Eastern mysticism, and the inclusive nature of its belief paradigm, is growing rapidly in the US. People are starving for reality and it appears to offer them what they’re looking for. There is someone who knows you and loves you. There is someone who has spoken definitively into our darkness. He knows the games we play and blind alleys we prefer. Nonetheless, for those who want to listen, Jesus wants to speak.

John Mark in Acts: A New Testament Jonah?
Author: Greg Herrick
Simply put, it appears that he was uncomfortable with the Gentile mission and preaching the gospel to non-Jews. He was sent out by the Spirit, but once in the field began to doubt his “calling.”Further, it may well be that upon his return to Jerusalem John Mark discussed Paul’s “work” among the Gentiles which incited several from among the Pharisaic wing of the Jerusalem church to descend on Antioch in hopes of “straightening out” the church as it were…

Jonah: The Prodigal Prophet
Author: Bob Deffinbaugh
We all have stereotypes, and many of these should probably be shattered as well. Jonah is a prophet who does not fit into the stereotypical mold of our thinking when it comes to a prophet of God. He is decidedly different from the other prophets which we find in the Scriptures. The Book of Jonah is written to shatter the stereotype which we have of prophets, especially the prophet Jonah.

Josephus’ Writings and Their Relation to the New Testament
Author: Greg Herrick
These works provide us with knowledge of the New Testament era which we otherwise would not possess. In short, Josephus has contributed to our understanding of the social, political, historical (including chronological data) and religious backgrounds of the New Testament.

Justification by Faith: The Case of Abraham and David (Romans 4:1-8)
Author: Hampton Keathley IV
Paul has demonstrated logically and scripturally that men are justified by faith. The core issue in this section draws on the first three chapters which teach that men’s works cannot stand up under the scrutiny of God. If men want God to “reckon” to them according to their works, they will be condemned…

Messianic Prophecies
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
One of the authenticating proofs for the inspiration of the Bible, which at the same time authenticate the claims of Jesus Christ as the Son of God and the only Savior of the world, are the many fulfilled prophecies which find their fulfillment in the person and life of Christ, Jesus of Nazareth…

Keys to the Song of Solomon
Author: Lambert Dolphin
An interpretation of the Song of Songs; he love story of a man and a woman, God’s love for Israel his wife …

Lazarus and the Rich Man
Author: L Ray Smith
An interesting and provocative new perspective on this well known parable. Like all the others, this parable has great and enormous consequences. This is not the story of a single, nameless rich man and one poor beggar in the street named Lazarus. Did “The Rich man” typify Judah? (He had 7 half brothers and 5 full brothers!) Did “Lazarus” typify the Gentiles? (Despised by the Jews.

Notes on the Nephilim: The Giants of Old
Author: Various Authors
When men began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose. Then the LORD said, “My Spirit will not contend with man forever, for he is mortal; his days will be a hundred and twenty years.” (Genesis 6:1-4)

Ruth: A Romance of Redemption
Author: Chuck Missler
Why was Jesus born in Bethlehem? Why was David associated with the town of Bethlehem? The answers are in this little four-chapter book…

Signs in the Stars? (The gospel in the stars?)
Author: Lambert Dolphin Malcolm Bowden, Barry Setterfield and Helen Fryman.
Were the positions of the constellations and the alignments of the planets throughout the year intended by God to be teaching tools for His people? Is Babylonian (and the later Egyptian and then Greek) astrology a corruption of what was once a pure proto-Hebrew star-chart system intended for spiritual enlightenment?

Soteriology – The Doctrine of Salvation
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
The word “salvation” is the translation of the Greek word soteria which is derived from the word soter meaning “savior.” In theology, however, its major use is to denote a work of God on behalf of men, and as such it is a major doctrine of the Bible which includes redemption, reconciliation, propitiation, conviction, repentance, faith, regeneration, forgiveness, justification, sanctification, preservation, and glorification.

Studies in Revelation
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III ,.
A 31 chapter study of the Book of Revalation.

Studies in the Book of Daniel
Author: Robert Dick Wilson
This volume is concerned especially with the objections made to the historical statements contained in the book of Daniel, and treats incidentally of chronological, geographical, and philosophical questions.

Studies in the Life of Elijah
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
This series of lessons is a devotional study on the life of the prophet Elijah. The objective is to provide practical insight into the doctrinal and spiritual significance and meaning of his life. As a man of like passions with us, his life sheds light on the greatness of the God of the Bible, His purposes, and His love and care for His people in a world in desperate need of the saving message of Jesus Christ.

The Captain of the Lord’s Army (Joshua 5:13-15)
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
In this passage, Joshua had an encounter with the living Logos, the very revelation of God. It was an encounter that lifted a great burden from his shoulders…

The Christmas Star
Dr. Hugh Ross
For centuries people have wondered what kind of “star” led the magi from the East to Jerusalem in search of Israel’s “Anointed One.” The only known account of the wise men and of the astronomical event that spurred them to action is found in the book of Matthew.Author: Dr. Hugh Ross For centuries people have wondered what kind of “star” led the magi from the East to Jerusalem in search of Israel’s “Anointed One.” The only known account of the wise men and of the astronomical event that spurred them to action is found in the book of Matthew.

The Fourfold Gospel or A Harmony of the Four Gospels
Author: J. W. McGarvey, LL. D. and Philip Y. Pendleton, A. B.
By the use of pronounced black letter type we enable to reader to follow the Scripture text, omitting the comments if he chooses. But by thus combining the four Gospels and interjecting the comment into the text, we have produced the most labor-saving, time-saving, condensed commentary ever placed before the people, resulting in a complete chronological life of Christ, divided into titled sections and sub-divisions, with comments injected in the text; especially designed for the use of Sunday-school teachers and advanced pupils.

The Genealogy from Adam to Jesus Christ
Author: Arthur C. Custance
The two genealogies of our Lord which together establish his absolute right to the throne of David, both by blood relationship through Mary and by title through Mary\’s husband, bear close examination. For they show how the two lines were preserved at one particularly critical period when almost all family relationships in Israel were being disrupted. This was at the time of the Captivity in Babylon. It is shown in a standard genealogy chart as a kind of “wasp-waist” joining the head and the body of the genealogy above and below Zerubbabel…

The Issue of Forgiveness in the Sermon on the Mount
Author: Greg Herrick
“Is my forgiveness in Christ conditional or unconditional?” that is, “Is it based on my doing anything good or worthy?”

The King James Version Defended
Author: Edward F. Hills
NOT merely a “KJV Only” defence but an apologetic for the inspiration of Scripture, a brief history of pagan religions and of the Christian church, a discussion of Biblical and textual criticism, and a history of the various N.T. texts. Very good background material for study purposes. Read online or download pdf.

The Snake in the Garden – Who is Satan?
Author: James Montgomery Boice
Although there are great and seemingly impenetrable mysteries connected with the fall of Satan and man, there are nevertheless several passages in the Bible that probably refer to Satan’s fall and therefore throw light on it and on sin in general. I acknowledge that they do not necessarily refer to Satan; our observations on them must be tentative.

To Bow or Not to Bow? (An Essay on Daniel 3)
Author: Daniel B. Wallace
How does this chapter function within the overall picture of the book? That is, How does it contribute either to prophecy or to the response to prophecy by some world leader? Or does it do this at all?

Where was the Birth Place of the Lord Jesus?
Author: Cooper P Abrams III
Although the New Testament does not tell us where in Bethlehem Jesus was born, the Old Testament does. Micah 4:8 states, “And thou, O tower of the flock, the strong hold of the daughter of Zion, unto thee shall it come, even the first dominion; the kingdom shall come to the daughter of Jerusalem.” Thus the Old Testament clearly states that the Messiah would be born at the “tower of the flock”…

Who Changed the Sabbath to Sunday?
What is the Biblical and historical truth on who changed the Sabbath to Sunday? Where in the Holy Bible is one legitimate scripture clearly stating the Sabbath was changed from Saturday to Sunday?

Anno Mundi
Author Mike Gascoigne
This site contains a wide range of material on Biblical and Historical topics often connecting the two.

Biblical Ethics

101 uses of a dead baby
What is done with aborted fetuses and babies…

Abortion ‘after birth’? Medical ‘ethicists’ promote infanticide
Author: Jonathan Sarfati
A brief history of “legalized” infanticide and the modern equivalent. An increasing number of atheists are becoming more consistent. That is, they share with pro-lifers the correct belief that there is no real difference between born and unborn children. But their consistency moves in the opposite direction. Their callousness towards unborn life is extended to children already born.

Biblical Reflections on Modern Medicine
Author: Franklin E. (Ed) Payne, M.D.
Biblical Reflections on Modern Medicine was published six (6) times a year from January 1990 until July-August 2000. It was written by Franklin E. (Ed) Payne, M.D. with significant contributions by Hilton P. Terrell, Ph.D., M.D. Its length was eight (8) pages (about 6500 words). Each issue begins with a lead article that is usually longer and more substantive than the other articles which range in length from one paragraph to a full page (about 800 words).

Christians And The Copyright Law
Author: Jack Decker
Though most Christians would agree that we should not break the law of the land, one has to wonder about a law that can have the effect of inhibiting men from singing praises to God, or even from understanding the Bible. The Bible? Yes, in case you didn’t realize it, all modern English-language versions of the Bible are copyrighted. Only the King James version of the Bible is not copyrighted…

Christians Criticizing Christians
Author: Bob and Gretchen Passantino
When it comes to Christian criticizing Christians, the battle lines are drawn. But are the lines biblical? It is wrong to publicly evaluate the teachings of a Christian pastor, expose the immorality of a Christian leaders, or tell the truth about a popular Christian media figure?

Climate Craze — Making Biblical Sense of the Man-Made Global Warming Debate!
Author: Mark Christopher
The headlines in the media have been relentless and extreme in their pursuit to convince us all that a climate apocalypse is just around the next corner. We have been told that unless we “act now”.  So what are Bible-believing Christians to make of all the scaremongering rhetoric? Further, in light of the Bible, what should Christians think about the whole man-made climate change debate? Is the sky really falling this time around? If so, how should we respond?

Cloning: Right or Wrong?
Author: Werner Gitt
How do we judge cloning according to the Bible? In answering, we will first give some biological background…

Human Rights and the Homosexual
Author: Ted Wise
If we respond to the homosexual issue as if they are indeed a people, whether for or against, then a small group of crafty individuals will have hoodwinked us all into indirectly declaring that there is a third sex, a minority whose rights are being denied, and who as such are entitled to all rights and privileges inherent in being such a group…

Notes on the Problem of Evil
Author: Ron Rhodes, PhD
W hat is evil? What is the origin of evil? What is God\’s ultimate purpose in allowing evil? Shouldn\’t God do away with all evil IMMEDIATELY? Does the existence of evil prove God is finite? What should our attitude be in the face of evil?

The Destruction of Marriage Precedes the Death of a Culture
Author: Rev. Louis P. Sheldon
Sociologists and anthropologists who have studied the death of civilizations have found that rampant sexual immorality, feminism, and homosexuality have been factors in destroying nations…

The Meaning of Sodom and Gomorrah
What has happened in the last half-century is a world-wide sexual revolution. It is not only gays who have come out of the closet, heterosexual men and women are now taught even in school that regular sexual expression with any number of partners is normal and natural… Biblical standard of refraining from all sexual expression except within marriage have been thrown by the wayside.

Biblical Theology

“Christian Revolution in Latin America: The Changing Face of Liberation Theology”
Author: Ron Rhodes
This article, the first of a three-part series on liberation theology, will focus on the Latin American variety – examining its historical roots, growth, doctrine, and present status in the world. Primary emphasis will be on how the movement has changed since its emergence in the late 1960s. In Parts Two and Three respectively, I will examine the Black and feminist varieties.

An Introduction to Christian Belief: A Layman’s Guide
Author: Greg Herrick
Systematic theology, then, for our purposes, is the study of all facts about God and his work, from any and every source, but revealed primarily in the Bible, and brought together in a coherent and inter-related manner in order to instruct, encourage and guide the saints in godliness:For the development of one’s own understanding of God, truth, and the Christian faith. For explaining, defending, and applying Biblical truth in a non-Christian context.

An Outline of the “FACTS” of Arminisn vs. the “TULIP” of Calvinism
Author: Brian Abasciano and Martin Glynn
A short comparison of the salient points of Calvinism and Arminianism.

Common Assaults on the Gospel
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
Our message is the gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ, the message of salvation through His person and work. That sounds simple enough, but it is not nearly as simple as it sounds. The simple message, “believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and you shall be saved,” has been assaulted from early on…

Coptic interpretations of the Fourth Ecumenical Council and other Coptic viewpoints
Author: Fr. Matthias F. Wahba
Since the Council of Chalcedon, the non-Chalcedonians have been accused of Eutychianism, and called “Monophysites”, meaning that they believe in one single nature of our Lord Jesus Christ. They never accepted this idea considering it a heresy. The purpose of this paper is to reconsider the issue.

Covenant theology
Author: Wikipedia
As a framework for biblical interpretation, covenant theology stands in contrast to dispensationalism in regard to the relationship between the Old Covenant with national Israel and the New Covenant in Christ’s blood. That such a framework exists appears to be at least feasible since from the earliest time of the Church the Jewish Bible has been known as the Old Testament (or Covenant) in contrast to the Christian addition which has been known as the New Testament (or Covenant)

An Introduction to Covenant Theology
Author: Dr. J. Ligon Duncan
A study of Covenant Theology… “The whole function of the covenant, and especially of the covenant signs, is to assure us of God’s favor.”

God and the Angels
Author: Lambert Dolphin
All that you ever wanted to know about angels…

Institutes of the Christian Religion
Author: Calvin, John
Extremely important for the Protestant Reformation, the Institutes has remained important for Protestant theology for almost five centuries. Written to “aid those who desire to be instructed in the doctrine of salvation,” the Institutes, which follows the ordering of the Apostle\’s Creed, has four parts…

Introduction to the Life and Ministry of Jesus Christ
Author: Bob Deffinbaugh
When we come to the Christ of the Gospels we are at the fountainhead of the New Testament and the fulfillment of much of the Old…

Mischievous Angels or Sethites?
Author: Chuck Missler
Why did God send the judgment of the Flood in the days of Noah? Far more than simply a historical issue, the unique events leading to the Flood are a prerequisite to understanding the prophetic implications of our Lord’s predictions regarding His Second Coming.

Mystery Truths of Scripture
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
The Biblical Significance and Use of the Word “Mystery”. In most cases in the New Testament it refers to church truth which was not known in Old Testament times, but has become revealed in the New Testament.

One Baptism in Ephesians 4:5
Author: Hampton Keathley IV
The meaning of “one baptism” in Ephesians 4:5 and whether it refers to water or Spirit baptism has been much debated through the years…

Questions Cessationists Should Ask: A Biblical Examination of Cessationism
Author: Charles Powell
A balanced examination of the arguments for and against Cessationism. (Have miracles ceased or does God still do miracles?)

Reasoning Through Romans
Author: Bob Deffinbaugh
It is hardly possible to stress too vigorously the importance of the Book of Romans. I commence this study in Romans with anticipation and eagerness, wondering what great things God will do in each of our lives as this book becomes a part of our understanding and experience.

Resting in God’s Sovereignty (Proverbs 16:1-4)
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
David praises God for His blessings and compassion as a loving and forgiving father for his children. He begins this call with a declaration of God’s sovereignty for it is God’s sovereignty that gives Him the absolute freedom to do what He does in His blessings and showing compassion to frail and temporal humanity.

Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
This is an in depth study of Satan; his origin, names, attributes, history etc. The career of Satan, which extends from the dateless past, before man\’s creation (Job. 38:7), to eternity future, is inclusive in the Bible and forms a major and an important doctrine of the Word of God.

Satisfaction and Chalcedonian Christology
Author: Mark Peterson
We wish to discover first, what is the nature of the rift between God and His creation, second, what is required for the rift to be patched, and third, what must be true of Christ if He is to be the one to patch the rift. In particular we will look at man’s fall.

Supersessionism, fulfillment theology, and replacement theology
Author: Wikipedia
Supersessionism, fulfillment theology, and replacement theology are terms long used for the biblical interpretation that the Church supersedes or replaces Israel in God’s plan, and that the New Covenant nullifies the Biblical promises made to Israel…

Textual Criticism 101: Theological, Faith-Based versus Naturalistic, Rationalistic
Author: Louis Kole
I submit there are two reasons we’ve lost faith in the authenticity and authority of the Word of God. One, the methods of naturalistic textual criticism is beyond our knowledge, so we defer to its claims of  “scientific” scholarship. Secondly, its validity is affirmed by our peers whose counsel we’ve come to trust and we “believe” on their faith (professors, fellow pastors).

The Atonement in Lucan Theology in Recent Discussion
Author: Greg Herrick

The study of Luke-Acts has received considerable attention over the last thirty or more years. Studies have brought to light questions regarding redaction criticism and Luke’s use of sources,1 the reliability of Luke as a historian and the relation of Acts to Paul’s letters and travels,2 the textual problems in this two-volume work as well as the theology of Luke-Acts.

The Authority of the Word
Author: Ray Steadman
As Christians (and I am speaking now only to Christians), we have no right to hold a different view of Scripture than that held by Jesus himself. That is the first fact we must hold in mind as we come to this subject of the authority of the Word. To put it another way, the authority of the Bible rests squarely upon the authority of Jesus Christ himself.

The Apostle Peter on Civil Obedience: An Exegesis of 1 Peter 2:13-17
Author: Greg Herrick
This study seeks to present an interpretation of Peter’s injunctions to the churches mentioned in 1 Peter 1:1 concerning their relation to the state and then to make a comparison with Paul’s commands concerning the state in 1 Peter 2:13-17. The question that the study seeks to answer concerns the relation of the two passages…

The Ascension (Luke 24:31; Acts 1:1-11)
Author: Bob Deffinbaugh
While the ascension may not be prominent in the gospels, it is paramount in the book of Acts. While Luke did not emphasize it at the conclusion of his first book (Luke), he highlighted it at the beginning of his second volume (Acts)…

The Authorship of Second Peter
Author: Hampton Keathley IV
There has been much debate over the authorship of 2 Peter. Most conservative evangelicals hold to the traditional view that Peter was the author, but historical and literary critics have almost unanimously concluded that to be impossible…

The Comma Johanneum and Cyprian
Author: Daniel B. Wallace
“5:7 For there are three that testify, 5:8 the Spirit and the water and the blood, and these three are in agreement.” This longer reading is found only in eight late manuscripts, four of which have the words in a marginal note…

The Date and Destination of Galatians
Author: Greg Herrick
An attempt to resolve the issues of where this letter was sent, when it was written and its connections with the book of Acts.

The Doctrine of Rewards: The Judgment Seat (Bema) of Christ
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
One of the prominent doctrines of the New Testament is the Doctrine of Rewards and the Judgment Seat of Christ. It is a doctrine often ignored or, when taught, it is misrepresented because of the term “judgment” that is used in translating the Greek text…

The Eternal Purpose of God
Author: Graham Brodie
A Scriptural and scientific exposition of the purposes of God in the creation…

The Faith of Demons (James 2:19)
Author: John F. Hart
A natural reading of the epistle fails to uncover hints that a genuine Christian faith will by its very nature produce ongoing good works…

The Heavenly Veil Torn: Mark’s Cosmic “Inclusio”
Author: David Ulansey
Originally published in Journal of Biblical Literature 110:1 (Spring 1991). In the past few years, several different scholars have argued that there was a connection in the mind of the author of the Gospel of Mark between the tearing of the heavens at the baptism of Jesus (Mk 1:10) and the tearing of the temple veil at the death of Jesus (Mk 15:38..

The Judgments – (Past, Present, and Future)
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
A great deal of confusion exists with respect to the subject of God’s judgments and particularly regarding the final judgment. It is the purpose of this study to cover all the major judgments (past, present, and future) that we find in Scripture to help resolve this confusion.

The Miracles of Calvary
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
Surrounding Christ’s death on the cross, was a chain of miraculous events that gave tremendous testimony to (1) the uniqueness of Jesus Christ, (2) His claims as the Son of God, and (3) as a result, to the fact of the redemption that comes through faith in Him. Linked together they form an unbreakable chain of evidence that authenticates and declares Jesus Christ as truly the Son of God and the redemptive Savior of the world.

The Mosaic Law: Its Function and Purpose in the New Testament
Author: J. Hampton Keathley, III
The tension between the Law of the OT and the Grace of the NT

Towards a biblically inerrant chronology
Author: Alan Montgomery,
A new biblical chronology is proposed which dates the exodus at 1591 BC.

Was Jesus’ Last Supper a Seder?
Author: Jonathan Klawans
Was Jesus’ last meal with His disciples a passover meal, or was it simply a standard Jewish meal? The author presents a strong argument for the latter.

What is a Covenant? Covenants in the Bible
Author: Lambert Dolphin
A discussion of the various covenants in the Bible.

Who Was Jesus? Exploring the History of Jesus’ Life
Author: Robin Ngo, Megan Sauter — Editors
In this FREE eBook, examine fundamental questions about Jesus of Nazareth: As a teacher in first-century Galilee, he influenced thousands. Yet many questions today surround this enigmatic person. Where was he really born—Bethlehem or Nazareth? Did he marry? Is there evidence outside of the Bible that proves he actually walked the earth?

Creation Science

15 Questions for Evolutionists
Author: Don Batten
The 15 questions that evolutionists have not been able to answer.

Adam And The Animals
Author: Henry M. Morris, Ph.D
When God created the first man and woman, He told them to exercise “dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth” (Genesis 1:28). This divine stewardship of mankind over the animal kingdom, under its Creator, involves many responsibilities, and has never been withdrawn…

Christian Creation Theories Rooted in the Genesis Account and Their Underlying Assumptions
Author: Michael Janse van Rensburg.
The objective of this study is to provide the reader with a holistic theological understanding of the current popular Christian creation theories. This was done through identifying, analysing, and comparing the key teachings of these theories against a biblical exegesis of Genesis 1:1 – 2:3.

Cosmology in Genesis 1
Author: Glen Stewart
It is sobering to realize that the first verse of the Bible, which is one of the best known passages in the English language, quite obviously badly misinterprets or misreads the Hebrew original. Correcting the opening verse, it should read something like: “In beginning Elohim cut the spaces and the mass”…

Debating Scientific Origins: Can Intelligent Design be Supportively Involved in Natural Science Debates on the Origin of Life?
Author: Farr Williams, Michael Scott
This study endeavors to understand the writings of Ken Miller and Eugenie Scott in terms of their objections to Intelligent Design being involved in the Natural Science Debates on the Origin of Life.

Evidence for Creation now banned from UK religious education classes
Author: Dominic Statham
‘[the school] shall not make provision in the context of any subject for the teaching, as an evidence-based view or theory, of any view or theory that is contrary to established scientific and/or historical evidence and explanations.’ Hence, the only view of origins that can be presented to the youngsters as ‘evidenced based’ is the one that infers that the universe has ‘no purpose, no evil and no good, nothing but blind, pitiless indifference…

Evolutionary syncretism: a critique of Biologos
Author: Lita Cosner
The BioLogos Foundation purports to explore, promote and celebrate the integration of science and Christian faith,

Facts on Noah’s Ark
A number of interesting facts about the Ark and the flood.

Flood Models and Biblical Realism
Author: Jonathan Sarfati
Biblical creationists by definition believe in a globe-covering flood. But how this occurred has been a matter of intense debate within the creationist geologist community. Some general observations can be made from a theological, philosophic and scientific perspective…

How old is the earth?
Author: Dr. Jonathon Sarfati
Creationists ultimately date the earth using the chronology of the Bible. This is because they believe that this is an accurate eyewitness account of world history, which can be shown to be consistent with much data. The Bible states that man was made six days after creation, about 6,000 years ago. So a time-line of the world constructed on biblical data would have man almost at the beginning, not the end…

Is Genesis Poetry or Historic Narrative?
Author: Helen Fryman
One of the most common statements regarding Genesis today is that it is poetic, a myth about origins, metaphorical. As soon as these presuppositions are accepted, interpretations abound. We have the gap theories, the day-age theories, local flood theories, and a plethora of others which all depend on Genesis not being a Hebrew historical narrative…

Mitochondrial Eve and biblical Eve are looking good: criticism of young age is premature Author: Carl Wieland Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) indicates that all women have descended from a single woman, called mitochondrial Eve. This does not prove that she was the only woman alive at the time, but is consistent with it. High mutation rates indicate that this ancestor lived at about the time of the biblical Eve as well…

On Finding an Ice Age Book
Author: Bernard E. Northrup
Did Job live during the Ice Age?

On The Great Flood of Noah
Author: Lambert Dolphin
In informal exegesis of the fall and the flood with scientific imports and links to creation science articles.

Polonium Halos — Unrefuted Evidence for Earth’s Instant Creation
Author: Robert Gentry
Etched within Earth’s foundation rocks namely the granites, are beautiful microspheres of coloration, halos, produced by the radioactive decay of primordial polonium, which is known to have only a fleeting existence…

Science Deceptions
Summary: Was life created or just a random set of events? What are the facts? A look at Evolution and Creation as viable forms of science.

Syntax and Semantics in Genesis One
Author: Charles V. Taylor
New versions of the once popular ‘gap’ theory are now arising. The motive is the same–to accommodate an old universe (and Earth) into Genesis 1, but to still retain a recent, literal six-day Creation Week. However, correct exegesis with close attention to syntax and semantics, plus the recognition of no verb tenses in the Hebrew preclude any possible ‘reading’ of long ages into the Hebrew of the key texts, verses 1-3 and 14-16…

The “Days” of Creation in Genesis 1: Literal “Days” or Figurative “Periods / Epochs” of Time?
Author: Gerhard F. Hasel
The question of whether the six days of creation were actual 24-hour periods of time or only symbolic representations of millions of years has been debated for centuries. The following article is a thorough review of this issue. The historical background and the literary nature of the creation account are discussed in detail and related to a variety of contemporary interpretations. T

The Complexities of Time
Author: Various
The differing meanings of the concept of time, both ancient and modern and the Biblical view,,,,

The Complexity of the Genetic Code
Author: Various
Articles and discussions on the genetic code from a Biblical perspective…

The Controversy Continues: Speed of Light Slowing Down?
Author: Chuck Missler
Evidence suggesting that the velocity of light, c, has been slowing down throughout history was first reported by Barry Setterfield and Trevor Norman for some years. Now two physicists-Dr. Joao Magueijo, a Royal Society research fellow at Imperial College, London, and Dr. Andreas Albrecht, of the University of California at Davis-are proposing that, immediately after the universe was born, the speed of light may have been far faster than its present-day value of 186,000 miles per second.

The Creation and the Fall of Adam and Eve: Literal, Symbolic, or Myth?
Author: Mark Pretorius
The history of the fall recorded in Genesis chapters 2 and 3 is, for all intent and purpose, a literal history. It records facts which underlie the entire system of revealed truths. A correct theological understanding of the fall of Adam and Eve makes plain the fact that the characters in the narrative of the fall are literal characters, and not mythological.

The Deposition and Erosion of the Grand Canyon and It’s Clear Testimony Concerning the Canopy and the Age of the Earth Author: Bernard E. Northrup Th.D.
… once the creationist recognizes what the Bible reveals about five great Biblical, catastrophic events, suddenly he is faced with the remarkable similarity and correspondence chronologically and logically of the results of these five great Biblical events that one who has studied the physical data can readily trace in the physical record of the rocks…

The extinction of the dinosaurs
Author: Michael J. Oard
Dinosaur extinction is still a major enigma of earth history. In this review article, extinctions in the geological record will be briefly mentioned. Many of the imaginative theories for the extinction of the dinosaurs will also be presented…

Author: Bernard E. Northrup, Th.D.
The atheistic tide of evolutionary thought has swept over the church like a giant tidal wave during the past one hundred fifty years. So destructive had been its onslaught that it appeared to many that the whole structure of the church was about to crumble, completely eroded away at its foundations…

The Geological Foundation
Author: Bernard E. Northrup Th.D.
This chapter explores the implications of further, extended “coincidental parallels” which one will find on attempting to compare the Precambrian deposit series with Genesis One through Six.

The missing Link in the Debate
Author: Isibiel Myrna Cohen
A rabbinical view of the age of the earth.

The Limits of Science
Author: Lambert Dolphin
Science cannot do everything, and it should really not surprise us if the old order falls and a new age enters. . A “merely physical” model of the universe has always proven inadequate. Sooner or later what was once thought “solid science” is seen to be fallacious and incomplete if God is left out of the equations…

Doctrines and Beliefs

28 Fundamental Beliefs of Seventh-day Adventists
Seventh-day Adventists accept the Bible as their only creed and hold certain fundamental beliefs to be the teaching of the Holy Scriptures. These beliefs, as set forth here, constitute the church’s understanding and expression of the teaching of Scripture.

An Exact Explosion of the Orthodox Faith
Author: St John Damascene
The beliefs of the Russian Orthodox Church

Author: Jay Hess
One of three explanations for the the eternal destiny of the wicked; eternal separation, eternal suffering or eternal smoke. The “smoke” view is held by only a minority of persons, including a few conservative Bible scholars. Some consider this concept to be a heresy. A Discussion of the relevant Bible texts and what they tell us about our final destiny.

Author: Wikipedia
In some religious groups of Christians who hold that the wicked will perish, annihilationism is the belief that sinners are destroyed, rather than tormented forever in “hell” as in the lake of fire. It is directly related to the doctrine of conditional immortality, the idea that a human soul is not immortal unless it is given eternal life. Annihilationism asserts that God will eventually destroy or annihilate the wicked…

Chicago Statement on Biblical Hermeneutics with Commentary
The 25 articles these affirmations and denials are presented as an expression of the results of their labours to clarify hermeneutical issues and principles.

Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy with Exposition
The “Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy” was produced at an international Summit Conference of evangelical leaders, held at the Hyatt Regency O\’Hare in Chicago in the fall of 1978.

Christian Conditionalism (Conditional Immortality)
Author: Wikipedia
In Christian theology, conditionalism or conditional immortality is a concept of special salvation in which the gift of immortality is attached to (conditional upon) belief in Jesus Christ.

Dominion Theology; What is it?
Author: Thomas Ice